The day of 4th November is celebrated as Guru Nanak Jayanti. This day is also called as Guru Nanak Gurpurab and Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav.
Guru Nanak Jayanti
Guru Nanak birthday is celebrated by Punjabis all over the world in a grand style. The festivities in the Sikh religion revolve around the anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus. These Gurus were responsible for shaping the beliefs of the Sikhs. Their birthdays, known as Gurupurab or Gurupurb is celebrated accordingly.
This year it will be the 548th birth Anniversary of first Sikh Guru and it will be celebrated on Nov 4, 2017, on Saturday.
The birthday of each Sikh Guru is regarded as a celebration and is filled with prayers among the Sikhs. Guru Nanak dev ji who was the founder of Sikhism was born on 4th November 1969.
The readings known as Akhand Path performed at central locations in major Sikh areas before the start of the Guru Nanak Jayanti and goes on for 48 hours.
On the second day, Prabhat Pheris, (Prabhat meaning ‘early morning’ and pheris meaning rounds) are conducted. Sikhs devotees visit early morning at the Gurdwara and start chanting hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib.
On the third day, that is, the actual day of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the festivities begin. The celebrations commence early in the morning at about 4 to 5 am on the day of Gurpurab. The time is referred as Amrit Vela and singing of Asa-di-Var (morning hymns) commences from the start of the day. Kirtan (hymns from the Sikh scriptures) and Katha (exposition of the scripture) in the praise of the Guru is conducted accordingly.
A procession known as Nagarkirtan is organized on the previous day of the birthday. The Panj Pyaras (Five loved Ones) lead the procession. The Palki (Palanquin) of Guru Granth Sahib is carried by the head of the procession who also carries the Sikh flag. A team of Sikh people attired in traditional clothes, brandishing traditional weapons play ‘Gatka’ as they display their skills in sword fighting and martial arts.
Langar is the special community lunch arranged at the Gurudwaras by volunteers which is a free communal lunch to everyone, irrespective of caste, class or creed.
Night Prayer sessions are also held in some Gurudwaras and this begins during the sunset. The evening prayers are called as Rehras. The Kirtan goes on till late in the night, and Gurbani is sung at 1:20 am at night, which is the actual time of birth of Guru Nanak.
The celebrations wind up at around 2 am. This festival is more prominently celebrated in places like Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh wherein, some Sindhs also celebrate it.
Guru Nanak birthday 2017 will be celebrated by the Sikh community all over the world and is one of the most important festivals in the Sikh calendar.
In relating news, Donald Trump has greeted Sikhs on the Guru Nanak’s birthday.
Happy Gurupurab wishes to one and all of the team NewsNexa!